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Egypt Panorama



GMT plus two hours (GMT plus three hours from May to September)

Egypt is located in the north-east corner of Africa between the Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Sudan and Libya. The Sinai peninsula is separated from the African continent by the Suez Canal and the Red Sea. The peninsula also faces Jordan and Saudi Arabia across the Gulf of Aqaba. About 95 per cent of Egypt is uninhabited desert.

81,7 Million (growth rate: 1,6%)

The climate is dry with very little rainfall, hot in summer and cool in winter. In Cairo, the temperature varies around 38º C in summer to 15º C in winter. Sandstorms usually blow between mid March to end of April and can sometimes disrupt air traffic. Rainfall is largely confined to the Mediterranean coast, with around 200 millimeters a year in Alexandria.

Dress codes
Lightweight, preferably cotton clothing is necessary for the hot summer months (May to September.) Conservative dress is recommended for both men and women when visiting religious sites or walking about in town.

Public Holidays (Fixed Dates)
January 7 (Eastern Orthodox Christmas)
April 25 (Liberation Day)
May 1 (Labour Day)
July 23 (Revolution Day)
October 6 (Armed Forces Day)



Public Holidays (Variable Dates)
The Islamic year contains 354 or 355 days, with the result that Muslim feasts advance by 10-12 days against the Gregorian calendar each year. Dates of feasts vary according to the sighting of the new moon so it cannot be exactly forecast.
Eid al-Fitr (end of Ramadan)
Eid al-Adha,
Sham el-Nessim (Coptic Easter Monday)
Prophet Mohammed's Birthday.

Working hours
Egypt is a Muslim country and the official day off is Friday. Embassies, banks and offices of some foreign companies also close on Saturday or Sunday. Some companies treat Thursday as a half day. Hours may also vary between winter and summer. Many shops are closed on Sundays. In summer, shops often close for the afternoon from noon or 1 pm until 4 or 5 pm.

Direct dialing is available to more than 150 countries: telephone cards can be easily purchased and phone booths are available in many locations.

Postal services
It is advisable to use airmail, which takes around five days to reach Europe.

Mobile phones
There are three network operators, MobiNil, Vodafone & Etisalat.

Different Internet service providers operate in Egypt and Internet access is available in most hotels and internet cafés.

Electricity Supply

Lufthansa City Center Site IATA WATA