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ABOUT EGYPT > sights to see

Cairo

Cairo

Cairo is the capital of Egypt and, with a total population in excess of 16 million people, one of the largest cities in both Africa and the Middle East (which regions it conveniently straddles) - it is also the 13th largest city in the world. Situated on the River Nile, Cairo is famous for its own history - preserved in the fabulous medieval Islamic city and in Old Cairo - and for the ancient, Pharaonic history of the country it represents. No trip to Cairo would be complete without a visit to the Great Pyramids of Giza, to nearby Saqqara and the Step Pyramid, or to the Egyptian Museum in the center of town. Though firmly attached to the past, Cairo is also home to a vibrant modern society.

Alexandria & North Coast

Alexandria

Alexandria is Egypt’s second largest city, its largest seaport and the country's window onto the Mediterranean Sea. Worth a visit for its many cultural attractions and still-palpable glimpses of its past. Alexandria is Egypt’s summer destination (when it can get very crowded) but many attractions abound. It is home to the Bibliotheca Alexandrina (the new Library of Alexandria), the Montaza Palace & Gardens and the Graeco-Roman Museum. West of Alexandria, the coastline extends with azure waters and several hotel resorts. The town of El Alamein is most notable as the place where the Allied forces of WW II gained a decisive victory of the Axis forces. German, Italian and British cemeteries are a noteworthy stop for history buffs.


Upper Egypt

Mosques in Cairo

Upper Egypt extends from the middle of the country north of Luxor down to the border with Sudan. The two central cities are Luxor and Aswan. Nile cruises on floating hotels are a popular tourist activity between the two cities, whereby visitors stop along the Nile to visit the many ancient temples and sites. Luxor is an open air museum, filled with well preserved awe inspiring monuments of an ancient civilization including Karnak Temple, the Temple of Luxor and the Valley of the Kings on the West Bank. Aswan, Egypt's sunniest southern city and ancient frontier town located about 81 miles south of Luxor, has a distinctively Nubian atmosphere. Sites to see are Kitchener’s Island, The Aga Khan Mausoleum and the Aswan High Dam. Further south of Aswan is the spectacular Abu Simbel Temple where Ramses II built two imposing temples for himself and his wife Nefertari.

Sinai & the Red Sea

Sinai Mountains

The simplicity of sun, sea and sand combine with the luxury of five-star hotels, water sports, shopping and entertainment. The Red Sea coast along the western shoreline of Egypt as well as the shores of the Sinai peninsula have become tourist destinations due to their beautiful natural setting, rich coral reefs, biblical history, and laid back atmosphere. Sharm El Sheikh is the most accessible and developed tourist resort in the Sinai peninsula, while other popular destinations include Hurghada, El Gouna, Nuweiba, Dahab & Taba. Choices abound, from small, intimate hotels with bedouin designs, to larger hotel complexes managed by international chains with comprehensive amenities including casinos, discos, nightclubs, golf courses and spas. In fact, with diving and snorkeling, windsurfing and other water sports, horses and camel riding, desert safaris and nearby antiquities, the Red Sea Riviera is an outstanding all year round resort destination.

Oasis

Oasis

The oasis in Egypt comprises the many depressions in the desert regions of Egypt. The desert regions include the Western desert and the Eastern desert, where the climatic conditions are very harsh throughout the year. The only places of relief in the deserts are these oases regions. Though these places are densely populated, it represents only a hundredth of the total population of Egypt. It is the Bedouin tribes in chief, who inhabit these oases regions. Agriculture is the chief means of occupation.

Lufthansa City Center Site IATA WATA